• What is the first step in surface coal mining


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1.In surface mining, the ground covering the coal seam the overburden is first removed to expose the coal seam for extraction The elements of a surface mining operation are 1 topsoil removal and storage for later use, 2 drilling and blasting the strata overlying the coal seam, 3 loading and

2.Env Science 16 STUDY PLAY What is a mineral naturally occurring, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic chemical composition, orderly internal structureFirst step in surface coal mining to remove and set aside the soil that covers the area to be mined a serious hazard of coal mining is

3.step by step of an underground coal mine How We MineArch Coal, IncAbout Us: Our MinesLarge tunnels in a coal mineThe first step in underground mining is development mining, in which shafts are dug into the site to make the ore accessibleRead more Mine reclamationWikipedia, the free encyclopedia A surface coal mine

4.Mining is the process by which commercially valuable mineral resources are extracted removed from Earth's surface These resources include ores minerals usually containing metal elements, precious stones such as diamonds, building stones such as granite, and solid fuels such as coal

5.Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act SMCRA PL 9587, Enacted August 3, 1977 "An Act to provide for the cooperation between the Secretary of the Interior and the States with respect to the regulation of surface coal mining operations, and the acquisition and reclamation of abandoned mines, and for other purposes"

6.To determine if coal beds beneath the surface which are not mapped on the GQs, or occur beneath the level of surface drainages subsurface coring records are neededThe first step is to gather as much coal thickness information as possible for the target coal bed Information may be obtained from the Kentucky Geological Survey's coal

7.All surface or strip mining first removes the overlying vegetation, soil and underground rock layers in order to expose and extract coal from an underground seam or coal deposit Responsible surface mining attempts to limit the side effects of this removal through several basic steps:steps in coal mining process steps involved in coal

8."Strip mining" is the practice of mining a seam of mineral, by first removing a long strip of overlying soil and rock the overburdenIt is most commonly used to mine coal and lignite brown coalStrip mining is only practical when the ore body to be excavated is relatively near the surface

9.The first step in surface coal mining is: A to use heavy equipment to take core samples B to test and see if quarrying would be more effective C to remove and set aside the soil that covers the area to be mined D to make cuts in the coal for easier removal

10.Surface Mining Strip mining and mountaintop removal are two popular surface mining strategies when coal seams are located close to the surface of the earth Strip Mining In strip mining, the first step is to strip off the vegetation and soil in the vicinity of the surface to be mined for coal

11.Citizen's Guide to Coal Mining and Reclamation in IllinoisThe Surface Coal Mining Land Conservation and Reclamation Act was passed on June 1, 1980, to beA coal company's first step in compiling a surface mining permit application is to gather data in a premining inventory from

12.Most of the rock and soil that is excavated to allow removal of the coal is returned to the mined area as the first step of mine reclamation in a process known as backfilling Backfilling also restores the preminign contours and appearance of the mined area to mirror the surrounding, undisturbed topography surface mining is explained in more

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